How to Prevent Varicose Veins?

How to Prevent Varicose Veins: Tips for a Healthy Lifestyle by Dr. Amit Sahu, Senior Interventional Radiologist in Mumbai

Varicose veins are a common condition that affects many individuals, causing discomfort and aesthetic concerns. However, with the right lifestyle choices, its possible to prevent varicose veins from developing or worsening.

Dr. Amit Sahu is a senior interventional radiologist in Mumbai, specializing in minimally invasive treatments for various vascular conditions.

In this blog, Dr. Sahu offers insights into varicose veins and shares valuable tips for preventing them through healthy lifestyle choices.

varicose veins

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that appear just beneath the skin’s surface, typically in the legs.

Varicose veins are a common condition caused by weak or damaged vein walls and valves. Veins have one-way valves inside them that open and close to keep blood flowing toward the heart. Weak or damaged valves or walls in the veins can cause blood to pool and even flow backward.

They can cause a variety of symptoms, including: (ADD PICTURES)

  • Bulging, visible veins.
  • Aching or heavy feeling in the legs.
  • Leg cramps.
  • Itching around the veins.
  • Swelling in the ankles and feet.
  • Blackish discoloration of skin
  • Wounds that may heal slowly or continue to progress


Risk Factors for Varicose Veins

Several factors can increase your risk of developing varicose veins. These include:

  • Age: As we age, our veins weaken and become less elastic, making them more prone to varicosity.
  • Family History: If you have a family history of varicose veins, you’re more likely to develop them yourself.
  • Pregnancy: Pregnancy puts increased pressure on the veins in your legs, which can lead to varicose veins.
  • Being Overweight or Obese: Excess weight puts extra strain on your veins, increasing the risk of varicose veins.
  • Prolonged Sitting or Standing: Jobs that require prolonged sitting or standing can impact the blood flow in veins and contribute to varicose veins.
  • Hormonal Changes: Hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, menopause, and birth control pill use can affect vein health.

Tips for Preventing Varicose Veins

Embrace an Active Lifestyle:

Regular exercise is a powerful tool for preventing varicose veins. Physical activity strengthens your calf muscles, which act as natural pumps to push blood back towards the heart.

Here are some tips for incorporating exercise into your routine:

  • Choose Activities You Enjoy: Walking, swimming, cycling, and yoga are all excellent options that promote good circulation in your legs.
  • Find a Routine: Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise, most days of the week.
  • Listen to Your Body: Avoid activities that put excessive strain on your legs, such as heavy weightlifting.

Elevate Those Legs:

Gravity can work against you when it comes to circulation. Taking steps to elevate your legs intermittently during the day can help improve blood flow and prevent varicose veins:

  • Prop it Up: When resting, elevate your legs above the level of your heart. Use pillows or a footstool to achieve this position.
  • Take Breaks: If your job requires prolonged sitting or standing, schedule frequent breaks to move around and elevate your legs for a few minutes.

Move It or Lose It:

Sitting or standing for extended periods can restrict blood flow and contribute to varicose vein formation.

Here are some tips to combat this:

  • Break Up the Sitting/Standing: If your job has you glued to a chair or desk, set a timer to remind yourself to get up and move around every 45-60 minutes.
  • Simple Stretches: Perform some basic ankle circles, calf raises, or simply walk in place for a few minutes during your breaks.

Dietary Choices Make a Difference:

A healthy diet plays a vital role in maintaining overall health, including vein health.

Here’s how your diet can help prevent varicose veins:

  1. Eat a Balanced Diet: Focus on a diet rich in fiber and low in saturated fat. Fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are excellent sources of these nutrients.
  2. Hydration is Key: Drinking plenty of water throughout the day keeps you hydrated and helps your blood flow more smoothly.
  3. Reduce Salt Intake: Excessive sodium intake can lead to fluid retention, worsening varicose veins. Limit processed foods and opt for fresh ingredients to control your salt intake.

Dress for Success (and Healthy Veins):

Certain clothing choices can impact your circulation. Here are some tips for dressing in a way that promotes healthy veins:

  • Ditch the Tight Stuff: Avoid tight clothing around your legs, including jeans, leggings, and shapewear. Opt for looser-fitting clothing that allows for better circulation.
  • High Heels? Avoid frequently: While high heels may be stylish, they can restrict circulation in your legs. Choose comfortable shoes with a lower heel for everyday wear.

Sun Protection, Moisturising Matters:

While moderate sun exposure offers some vitamin D benefits, excessive sun exposure can damage your skin and worsen existing varicose veins. Dryness, itching is a part of varicose veins.

Here’s how to protect yourself:

  • Sunscreen is Essential: Apply sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher daily, even on cloudy days.
  • Seek Shade: When outdoors for extended periods, seek shade whenever possible.
  • Cover Up: Wear protective clothing, such as hats and long sleeves, to shield your legs from the sun’s harmful rays.
  • Moisturise: Keep your skin moisturised throughout the day to avoid varicose related dryness and itching. Twice daily application is ideal.

Consulting a Varicose Veins Specialist in Mumbai

If you’re experiencing symptoms of varicose veins or have concerns about your vein health, it’s essential to consult a specialist.

Dr. Amit Sahu, a senior Interventional Radiologist in Mumbai, specialises in diagnosing and treating varicose veins. With his expertise, he offers advanced treatments to help patients achieve optimal vein health and overall well-being.


Preventing varicose veins is achievable with simple lifestyle changes and awareness. By maintaining a healthy weight, staying active, wearing compression stockings, and practicing good posture, you can reduce your risk of developing varicose veins and enjoy healthier legs for years to come.

If you have concerns about your vein health, don’t hesitate to seek advice from Dr. Amit Sahu, a trusted interventional radiologist for treating Varicose Veins in Mumbai.

About Dr. Amit Sahu

2. MD Radiology
3. FVIR – Training in Vascular & Interventional Radiology from esteemed Seth GS Medical College & KEM Hospital, Mumbai
4. FINR – Fellowship training in Interventional NeuroRadiology from Seth GS Medical College & KEM Hospital, Mumbai
5. Advanced Training in Peripheral & Neuro Interventional Radiology at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, USA