What is Brain stroke?
Brain stroke, also known as a cerebrovascular accident, is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment.
Here we will discuss the different types of brain stroke, the best stroke treatment clinic in Mumbai, and the expertise of Dr. Amit Sahu – Interventional NeuroRadiologist
Types of Brain Stroke
There are three main types of brain stroke:
Ischemic Stroke: Ischemic stroke occurs when a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain is blocked, depriving the brain of oxygen & nutrients. This can lead to brain damage & disability.
It accounts for nearly 87% of all stroke cases. It is largely treatable, if you get to the hospital in time.
Hemorrhagic Stroke: Hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures (burst open), causing bleeding in the brain. This can cause brain damage & potentially life-threatening complications.
Transient ischemic attack: (TIA) is a “mini-stroke” that is caused by a temporary blockage of an artery in the brain. TIAs typically last for less than 24 hours, and they do not cause permanent damage. However, TIAs are a warning sign that a more serious stroke may occur in the future.
Few common causes include high BP, brain aneurysm, arterio-venous malformations (AVM), arterio-venous fistula (AVF) & brain tumors.
Who are at risk of having a Brain Stroke?
There are a lot of risk factors that have been identified that can increase one’s chances of having a stroke. Few of these risk factors can be controlled to reduce risk & prevent a stroke.
Controllable factors include:
- High blood Pressure
- Cigarette smoking
- Atrial fibrillation
- Other heart diseases
- Poor diet
- Lack of exercise , sedentary lifestyle
- High blood cholesterol
- Carotid Artery Disease
- Peripheral Artery Disease
- Sickle cell anaemia
Uncontrollable factors include:
- Hereditary causes
- Old stroke, heart attack
Is Brain Stroke Preventable?
A good management of controllable risk factors can reduce & help prevent the chances of having a stroke.
What are Brain Stroke Signs and Symptoms?
Know the warning signs of stroke. Mnemonic BE.FAST can be useful to remember common symptoms of a stoke. Be aware & spread awareness of these.
B Balance – Sudden loss of balance
E Eyes – Loss of vision or Double vision in one or both eyes
F Face – Face looks uneven, mouth may appear deviated
A Arms – Weakness in arms or legs
S Speech – Difficulty in speaking or seem confused
T Time – Time to Act & call Ambulance
What to do if you see someone having a Stroke?
As soon as you identify a patient having a stroke, an ambulance should be immediately called for & patient should be shifted to a stroke ready hospital.
What is a Stroke Ready Hospital?
A stroke-ready hospital is one which has all the necessary in-hospital capabilities to manage a stroke patient. These capabilities include Emergency Department, imaging services (CT, MRI, DSA CathLab), an ICU facility, and access to medical personnel such as Interventional NeuroRadiologist Dr. Amit Sahu who can provide Emergency care, in case of stroke.
It should be able to provide all emergent & elective services for treatment of stroke.
What are Treatment Options is Acute Ischemic Stroke?
It is medical treatment in the form of injectable Tissue Plasminogen Activator (tPA) which works by dissolving the clot & improving blood flow. It can be given ONLY within first 41/2 – 6 hours of stroke. That is why it is necessary to seek urgent medical care. It may be effective in only around one-third of the patients.
It is a non-surgical endovascular procedure performed by Interventional Radiologist, Interventional NeuroRadiologist like Dr. Amit Sahu. In this procedure, a thin tube (catheter) or stent is advanced into the blocked blood vessel & the clot is removed.
This procedure is performed through a small injection in the groin or wrist artery. It should be offered to all eligible patients, as it has high rate of success & overall better outcomes.
Recent international studies & trials have proven that in selected patients, mechanical thrombectomy can be beneficial in upto 16-24 hours after onset of stroke.
It is always advised to open the occlusion at the earliest to prevent further progression of damage.
The earlier the blood flow is restored, the lesser is the damage & better are the outcomes.
Carotid, Vertebral, Intracranial Artery Angioplasty, Stenting
It may be performed simultaneously or later on depending on the clinical situation to maintain good flow & protect from the risk of future stroke.
Best Stroke Treatment Clinic in Mumbai:
India have some of the best stroke treatment clinics in Mumbai, equipped with advanced technology & highly trained medical professionals.
Dr. Amit Sahu collaborates with some of the best paralysis treatment clinics in Mumbai to provide interventional services like mechanical thrombectomy, carotid artery angioplasty & stenting, vertebral artery, intracranial artery angioplasty & stenting in ischemic stroke.
Expertise of Dr. Amit Sahu
Dr. Amit Sahu is an experienced Interventional Radiologist, Interventional NeuroRadiologist in Mumbai, specialising in stroke treatment. He is associated with some of the best stroke treatment clinics in Mumbai.
He has extensive experience in diagnosing & treating various types of brain stroke.
Dr. Amit Sahu is fellowship trained in Interventional Radiology & Interventional Neuro-Radiology. He has received training from one of the best centres in India (KEM Hospital, Mumbai) & USA (Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore).
He employs the latest techniques to provide the best possible outcomes for his patients.
Best Doctor for Brain Stroke in Mumbai
Dr. Amit Sahu is one of the best doctors for brain stroke treatment in Mumbai. He has a wealth of experience & expertise in diagnosing & performing interventional treatments in various types of brain stroke, including ischemic stroke & hemorrhagic stroke.
He routinely collaborates with Interventional NeuroRadiologist to optimise patient care.
Dr. Amit Sahu is known for his patient-centric approach, personalised treatment plans & commitment to delivering the highest quality care. He uses the latest technology & techniques to provide the best possible outcomes for his patients.
Brain stroke is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment. Mumbai has some of the best stroke & Paralysis treatment clinics in Mumbai, equipped with advanced technology & highly trained medical professionals.
If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of brain stroke, seek immediate medical attention from a qualified & experienced doctor such as Dr. Amit Sahu, amongst one of the best stroke and Paralysis treatment doctors in Mumbai.